- Secondly, the antioxidants stimulate blood flow in the skin, which in turn encourages the growth of new cells.
With continued use, the antioxidants in tomatoes will completely eliminate dark spots from your skin. Any other anti-oxidant rich foods such as green tea and oats, will work just as well as tomato.
When using tomatoes, you can simply apply tomato slices onto your dark spots and leave them on for 15 minutes before rinsing with water.
Alternatively, you can make this home remedy option even more effective by:
- Mixing half a teaspoon of tomato juice with a teaspoon of honey or any of the other mentioned home remedies.
- Apply the mixture onto affected skin, leave it for 15 minutes, and then wash off.
Buttermilk contains lactic acid, which gradually reduces skin pigmentation while brightening and toning your overall complexion. This acid also helps to slough off dead skin cells thus reducing the appearance of spots on the skin.
Using buttermilk is as simple as applying it directly on hyper-pigmentation affected skin, leaving it on for 10 to 15 minutes and then rinsing off with water.
Since buttermilk is available in most grocery stores, you’ll not have to prepare it yourself. However, if you prefer to make your own buttermilk, these are the steps to take:
- Add 1 tablespoon of vinegar or lemon juice to a cup of low fat milk.
- Let the mixture stand at room temperature for 15minutes and you will have yourself a cup of fresh buttermilk.
Papain, the enzyme in papaya has several properties that make it an excellent remedy for getting rid of dark spots. This enzyme exfoliates skin, stimulates the growth of new cells, and best of all, it inhibits the enzyme tyrosinase, which is used by pigment-producing skin cells to create melanin.
So, not only does papaya aid in the fading of dark spots, it also puts a stop to the future development of new dark spots.
When using papaya to clear dark spots, you have the option of either applying papaya pulp or dabbing the juice of the fruit directly onto affected skin. Just like the other remedies, allow the papaya pulp/juice to stay for a few minutes before rinsing it off.
Potatoes contain several nutrients that are beneficial to the skin. These include vitamins C and B-complex, essential fatty acids, and the minerals zinc, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, and calcium.
Thanks to this combination of nutrients, potatoes have an amazing potential of lightening skin, exfoliating skin, and evening out skin tone. These properties combined make potatoes yet another great choice for eliminating dark spots.
Potatoes can be applied in 2 ways:
- Slice up your potatoes, place the slices directly onto your dark spots, leave them on for 10 to 15 minutes, and then rinse off your skin with warm water.
- Grate a few potatoes, extract the juice, apply it to your spots, and leave it for 15 minutes before washing off with water. When using this option, you can also add a small amount of lemon juice or honey.
The above-discussed home remedies offer the best ways to get rid of dark spots. However, they are not the only available options. Other home remedies that you can use include:
- Almond Oil
Contains a combination unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and phytosterols that even out the skin tone giving dark spots a lighter appearance.
Circumin, the active ingredient in turmeric gives this spice antioxidant properties that assist in the elimination of dark spots.
The pulp of watermelon contains several nutrients that help reduce sun damaged skin spots.
Medical Treatments for Dark Spots
When natural remedies fail, chances are your dark spots need a more effective form of treatment. This is especially if you have had your dark spots for a while. Some good medical treatments to go for include:
Dermabrassion is a skin resurfacing procedure that’s used to treat or remove a variety of skin blemishes including scars, wrinkles, uneven skin tone, skin patches, dark spots, and even tattoos.
A dermabrassion session usually entails running a rapidly rotating device over the skin. This device is fitted with fine crystals that shed off the outer layers of skin eradicating all blemishes that are being treated (dark spots in this case).
For dermabrassion to deliver satisfactory results, you’ll need to go for monthly sessions over a period of several months.
When dermabrassion is done properly, a new, fresh layer of smoother and usually younger looking skin grows in place of the skin that was removed. However, when done improperly, dermabrassion can result in all sorts of skin irritations including scaring, darkening of the skin, and inflammation. Therefore, if you choose to go with this treatment option, make sure your sessions are done by an experienced practitioner.
- Laser Treatment
When your dark spots have been there for a year or longer, Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) therapy (or laser treatment as it’s commonly known) is the best way to go. This is because dark spots move deeper into the skin as they grow older and therefore require a more aggressive form of treatment.
As the name suggests, IPL therapy uses quick pulses of light that reach deep into the skin and destroy dark-spot causing melanin. When these pulses of light are focused on the skin, the pigmented areas absorb the light and shatter or vaporize. The body then triggers a healing process that causes the shattered spots to form a scab and grow new, fresh, unpigmented skin.
The only downsides to laser treatment are that the therapy is expensive and can be slightly painful.
- Chemical Peels
Chemical peels are chemical solutions that smooth the texture of your skin as well as fade dark spots and other skin conditions such as scars, freckles, and acne. When applied on the skin, these peels remove the damaged outer layer of the skin, which paves the way for the development of new healthy skin.
While chemical peels are mostly used one the face, you can also find options for the skin, hands, and neck.
Since these peels usually come in 3 levels of strength (light, medium, and deep), it’s wise to talk to a doctor before purchasing any chemical peel product. Not only will your doctor help you determine the ideal strength for you, he or she will also prescribe a quality chemical peel option.
Cyrotherapy is a form of treatment that’s used to treat a variety of diseases and disorders, with the most common applications being in the treatment of skin conditions such as warts, moles, skin tags, and solar keratoses.
Cyrotherapy usually entails injecting liquid nitrogen into the skin. In the case of treating hyper-pigmentation, the nitrogen freezes tissues at a cellular level and therefore destroys the extra pigment.
This freezing of tissues can be done on a single dark spot or on a small grouping of dark spots. As the treated area heals, dark spots become lighter. Although effective, cyrotherapy presents a few concerns. The treatment may result in temporary skin irritation or leave a patient with permanent scarring or discoloration.
- Topical Acid Treatments
Acid treatments can come in the form of Alpha Hydroxyl acids, Beta Hydroxyl acids, or Retinols. Applied directly on dark spots infested skin, these acids help to get rid of hyper-pigmentation by removing the top layer of dead skin cells to allow for the growth of fresh, spot-free skin. Although these options are available over the counter, it’s wise to talk to a doctor first before purchasing acid treatments and self-medicating.
One important factor to keep in mind when dealing with hyper-pigmentation is that the pigment in dark spots embeds itself deeper into the skin as time passes, making it difficult to lighten or eliminate the spots.
Therefore, make sure to start using whichever home remedy/treatment option as soon as you notice the appearance of dark spots on your skin. The earlier you start, the easier and quicker it will be to get rid of those dark blemishes on your face or skin.